1836 – John F. Daniell, and English chemist, improved the efficiency of Volta’s design by developing a way to avoid the corrosion problems of Volta’s batteries.
1868 – French chemist Georges Leclanche designed a “wet” cell, the forerunner of the “dry” cell, or flashlight battery.
1888 – German scientist Dr. Carl Gassner invented the “dry” cell, a cell much like today’s carbon-zinc batteries.
1896 – Columbia, a dry cell battery manufactured by National Carbon Company, became the first commercially available battery sold in the U.S. The National Carbon Company later became Eveready Battery Company – known today as Energizer®.